Prostate Cancer Prevention

You Can Manage Some Risk Factors

We don’t know the exact cause of prostate cancer. We do know that people with certain risk factors may be more likely to get it.

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

  • Being African American
  • Being over age 50
  • Having a family history of prostate cancer

We encourage men in these groups to have an annual prostate exam:

  • African-American men over 40
  • All men over 55 - 70
  • Men over 40 with a family history of prostate cancer

You can also use these tools to learn more.

Prostate Cancer Prevention

You may reduce your risk of prostate cancer by eating more low-fat, high-fiber foods and foods with omega-3 fatty acids. Some examples:

  • Fish such as salmon, albacore tuna and sardines
  • Soy products, such as tofu and soybeans
  • Tomatoes and foods that contain tomato sauce
  • Vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage
  • Walnuts, flaxseed and their oils

Read about our high-risk prostate cancer prevention program.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

In most cases, this cancer has no early signs. In later stages, it may cause the following symptoms. These symptoms also may be caused by an enlarged prostate, which is common in older men.

  • Feeling deep pain in your lower back, belly, hip or pelvis
  • Feeling like your bladder is not emptying completely when you urinate
  • Feeling pain or burning when you urinate
  • Having a weaker-than-normal urine stream
  • Having blood in your urine
  • Having trouble starting your urine stream
  • Frequent urination
  • Inability to urinate
  • Waking in the night to urinate

If you have any of these symptoms, call your doctor or make an appointment with The University of Kansas Cancer Center.

To schedule a prostate cancer screening,

  • Call: 913-588-1227
  • Toll free: 844-323-1227

One in seven American men will be diagnosed with the prostate cancer during his lifetime. Read inspiring stories from patients turned survivors.