Myeloma Prevention

Risk factors and symptoms

Although we don’t know the exact cause of myeloma, we are aware of common risk factors that may be associated with developing it.

Myeloma risk factors

  • Age: The average age of onset is early 60s
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals, such as agricultural chemicals and Agent Orange
  • Exposure to viruses such as HIV, hepatitis and herpes
  • Gender: It occurs more commonly in men
  • Race: It occurs more commonly among African Americans

Myeloma symptoms

People with melanoma may experience no symptoms (asymptomatic). Those who do have symptoms may have:

  • Anemia
  • Bone pain in the back and ribs
  • Kidney problems
  • Susceptibility to bacterial infections
  • Weakness, fatigue and lack of color

If you have any of these symptoms, call your physician or make an appointment with The University of Kansas Cancer Center.