Testicular Cancer Prevention

Reducing Your Risk of Testicular Cancer

In most cases, we don’t know what causes testicular cancer. Most men who get it don’t have any risk factors. But some problems may increase your chances of getting testicular cancer.  

Risk Factors

You are more likely to get testicular cancer if you:

  • Have a testicle that has not dropped down into the scrotum from the belly. This is called an undescended testicle. Normally a baby’s testicles drop down into his scrotum by the time he is three months old.
  • Have Klinefelter syndrome. This is a problem some men are born with. It means a man has two or more X chromosomes. Normally, men have one X and one Y chromosome.
  • Have a family history of testicular cancer


The symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A dull pressure or pain in the testicle, scrotum, lower back, belly or groin
  • A heavy feeling in the scrotum
  • A painless lump or swelling in either testicle
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Any change in the size, shape or feeling of one or both testicles

The best way to detect it is through testicular self-examination (TSE). Examine each testicle every month when you bathe or shower. Roll each testicle between your thumb and finger to feel for a lump or other change. If you find one, contact your doctor. It most likely is not cancer related; infection or inflammation can lead to similar findings. Only your doctor can tell for sure.

If you have any of these symptoms, call your doctor or make an appointment with The University of Kansas Cancer Center.