Ovarian Cancer Prevention

Be Aware of Symptoms

We don’t know the exact cause of ovarian cancer. Some women are more likely than others to get it.

Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer

  • Never becoming pregnant or having a baby
  • Starting your menstrual cycle before age 12 and going through menopause after age 50
  • Using hormone replacement therapy for menopause symptoms

Talk to your doctor if you feel you are high risk for the disease.

Preventing Ovarian Cancer

While you may not be able to prevent ovarian cancer, we do know some behaviors and treatments that lower your risk.
  • Breast feeding
  • Giving birth to one or more children
  • Having your  fallopian tubes tied or cut (tubal ligation)
  • Removing your ovaries
  • Removing your uterus
  • Taking birth control pills

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

In some cases, this cancer has no early symptoms. The following symptoms of ovarian cancer also may be caused by something other than cancer.
  • Back or leg pain
  • Pelvic pressure
  • Problems such as gas, bloating, long-term stomach pain, constipation or indigestion
  • Swelling of the stomach (abdomen)
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting
If you have any of these symptoms, call your doctor or make an appointment with The University of Kansas Cancer Center.

Request an Appointment